Ethiopia Facts 
Government Type 
Federal Republic 
Head of State 
President Girma Woldegiorgis 
Head of Government 
Prime Minister Meles Zenawi
President elected by the house of People's Representative for a six-year term; election last held May 2005; Prime Minister designated by the party in power following legislative elections.   
Political party in power 
Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF), Leader of EPRDF: H.E. Mr. Meles Zenawi 

Administrative Division 

9 Regional States: Afar; Amhara; Benshangul-Gumuz; Gambela; Harari; Oromia; Somali; Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples (SNNP); Tigrai and
2 chartered cities: Addis Ababa (capital city) and Dire Dawa

Main Language 
Amharic (Official Language) English ( major foreign language)

Population (UNFPA, 2005)

77.4 million
Average Population growth rate, 2.4%

Socio-Economic Indicators (HDR 2005 estimates)

Human Development Index, 0.367
Real GDP per capita, 711 US$
Purchasing power parity, 668 US$

Selected health indicators (HDR 2005 estimates)

Life Expectancy of Population, Male 47.1 Female 49
Population without access to safe water, 76%
Population not using adequate sanitation facilities, 88%
Infant mortality rate: 92.8 (1,000 live births)

Selected education and gender Indicators: (HDR estimates for 2005 unless otherwise indicated)

Adult literacy rate, age 15 & above male 49.2 %
Adult literacy rate, age 15 & above female 33.8 %
Youth literacy rate, 57.4
Combined primary, secondary, tertiary gross enrolment rate, 36%
Education Index, 0.40
Seats in parliament held by women, 7.8%

back to top