Scientific name
Cordia africana1

Family name

Local name(s)
Otayita (Konsogna), Wanza (Amhargna), Waddessa (Oromiffa)

General description
C. africana is a fast growing, branched and deciduous tree growing in to big tree of up to 25m of height. It has got large, oval, and base rounded leaves. Young shoots, leaf stalks, underside of leaves are covered with soft brown hairs. Flowers are sweet scented and very attractive to bees. Fruits are yellowish and embedded in hairy cups.

Edible part(s), preparation methods and palatability
The flesh of the fruits is sticky and edible both in normal times (by children) and in famine period (by adults and children). Each fruit contains up to 6 seeds.

A tree common in Polyscias and Podocarpus forest, as a forest remnant in cultivated areas. C. africana is used in coffee plantations for shading, mulch and soil fertility maintenance. The species grows well in dry, moist and wet midlands (1,600 - 2,200m).

Propagation method(s)
Wildlings, seedlings, direct seeding.

Sample location(s)
(1) Jarso Kebele, Konso; (2) Mekane Birhan, Jana Mora Woreda, North Gonder

Further used for medicinal purposes (bark, roots), bee forage, firewood, timber (furniture, beehives, boxes, mortars), livestock fodder.

1 Parts of the following description have been taken from Bekele-Tesemma et al., 1993: p. 172/173

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Mature C. africana in a homestead in Jana Mora Woreda

Fresh branch with ripe fruits

Girl with C. africana fruits on the Mekane Birhan market, Jana Mora Woreda